COVID-19 situation: 12 Feb 2020

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Pandemic Threats and Health Emergencies

COVID-19 situation: 12 Feb 2020

Welcome to this special issue of the newsletter where we highlight latest research and policy news and literature on 2019-nCVO situation

Please send your feedback, articles and reports, or questions you would like to share to Dr. Chadia Wannous via email  cwannous@yahoo.com  

Wishing you useful reading!
Chadia

COVID-19 Outbreak Situation

 
Situation updates:
 
WHO situation report no 22 on 12 Feb

  • No new countries reported cases of 2019-nCoV in the past 24 hours.
  • An advanced team is currently in Beijing to prepare an international mission and to determine the questions the international team will want to learn more about: from characteristics of the virus to public health response China put in place to try to contain the virus.The group of international experts, with a range of specializations, will work with Chinese counterparts on increasing understanding of the outbreak to guide global response efforts. Since being notified of the outbreak on 31 December, the WHO Country Office in China, supported by the regional and international offices, has worked to support China, and indeed the world, to scale up the response. A small mission was sent to Wuhan mid-January,and the Director-General visited in January.
  • Following WHO best practicesfor naming of new human infectious diseases, which were developed in consultation and collaboration with the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), WHO has named the disease COVID-19, short for “coronavirus disease 2019.”
  • WHO RISK ASSESSMENT

China         Very High
Regional Level       High
Global Level          High

https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200211-sitrep-22-ncov.pdf

 

WHO Director-General's remarks at the media briefing on 2019-nCoV on 11 February 2020

https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-2019-ncov-on-11-february-2020

 
Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) situation as of 12 February 2020, 10:00 (CET)

http://who.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/c88e37cfc43b4ed3baf977d77e4a0667

 
The number of people in China who have been killed by COVID-19 is now more than 1,000, the nation’s health authorities report. Worldwide, more than 43,000 people have been infected.
(Nature | continuously updated)

 
China’s National Health Commission Feb 10: Daily briefing on novel coronavirus cases in China
On Feb 11, 31 provincial-level regions on the Chinese mainland as well as the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps reported 2,015 new cases of confirmed infections (including 1,638 in Hubei province), 3,342 new cases of suspected infections (including 1,685 in Hubei province), 871 new serious cases, and 97 deaths (94 in Hubei province, 1 in Henan province, 1 in Hunan province, and 1 in Chongqing). 744 patients were released from hospitals after being cured, including 417 in Hubei province. 30,068 people who had had close contact with infected patients were freed from medical observation.
http://en.nhc.gov.cn/2020-02/10/c_76383.htm
 

Latest developments in epidemic control on Feb 11
China's National Health Commission said on Feb 11 that it received reports of 2,478 new confirmed cases of novel coronavirus infection and 108 deaths on Feb 10 from 31 provincial-level regions and the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps.
By the end of Feb 10, a total of 1,016 people had died of the disease and 42,638 confirmed cases had been reported on the Chinese mainland.
— A total of 3,996 patients infected with the virus had been discharged from hospital after recovery by the end of Feb 10.
— Central China's Hubei province, the hardest-hit province, reported 2,097 new confirmed injection cases and 103 new deaths on Feb 10. The figure is 521 fewer than the new confirmed cases reported on Feb 9.
Hubei's capital city of Wuhan, the epicenter of the epidemic, reported 1,552 new infections and 67 new deaths.
— Beijing, Tianjin, Heilongjiang, Anhui and Henan each reported one new death.
New confirmed cases of novel coronavirus pneumonia outside Hubei province totaled 381 on Feb 10, dropping for the seventh consecutive day.
— Wuhan rolls out stricter measures to curb the spread of the novel coronavirus: suspected cases with mild symptoms should be quarantined and those with fever be treated nearby; all residential communities will be closed.
The city aims to finish testing all suspected cases of novel coronavirus infection by Feb 11.
— The China Development Bank has granted emergency loans worth 20.4 billion yuan (about $2.9 billion) on Feb 10 to enterprises in the manufacturing and purchasing of virus prevention and control supplies, daily necessities and constructors of the two makeshift hospitals in Wuhan.
http://en.nhc.gov.cn/2020-02/11/c_76433.htm
 

China reports 97 coronavirus deaths on mainland on Tuesday
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-china-health-toll/china-reports-97-coronavirus-deaths-on-mainland-on-tuesday
 

At least 500 Wuhan medical staff infected with coronavirus
https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/3050077/least-500-wuhan-medical-staff-infected-coronavirus
 
Countries with confirmed cases
China: 44730 Cases
International conveyance (Japan): 175 Cases
Singapore: 47 Cases
Thailand: 33 Cases
Japan: 28 Cases
Republic of Korea: 28 Cases
Malaysia: 18 Cases
Germany: 16 Cases
Australia: 15 Cases
Viet Nam: 15 Cases
United States of America: 13 Cases
France: 11 Cases
United Arab Emirates: 8 Cases
United Kingdom: 8 Cases
Canada: 7 Cases
India: 3 Cases
Italy: 3 Cases
Philippines: 3 Cases
Russian Federation: 2 Cases
Spain: 2 Cases
Belgium: 1 Cases
Cambodia: 1 Cases
Finland: 1 Cases
Nepal: 1 Cases
Sri Lanka: 1 Cases
Sweden: 1 Cases
Feb 11 Japan health ministry statement on 24th case
Feb 11 Japan health ministry statement on 25th case
Feb 11 Singapore health ministry statement
Feb 11 Vietnam health ministry statement
-----------------

Consequences of the Outbreak on Economy

BRIEF-Ccp Technologies Ltd Updates On Coronavirus Impact
https://www.reuters.com/article/brief-ccp-technologies-ltd-updates-on-co/brief-ccp-technologies-ltd-updates-on-coronavirus-impact

Fitch Says Coronavirus Could Put Natural Gas Market Under Severe Stress
https://www.reuters.com/article/brief-fitch-says-coronavirus-could-put-n/brief-fitch-says-coronavirus-could-put-natural-gas-market-under-severe-stress

China New Energy Says Does Not Believe Coronavirus Will Have Significant Financial Impact In 2020
https://www.reuters.com/article/brief-china-new-energy-says-does-not-bel/brief-china-new-energy-says-does-not-believe-coronavirus-will-have-significant-financial-impact-in-2020
 
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Control Measures

WHO gives official name for novel coronavirus
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-02/12/c_138775249.htm

As coronavirus spreads, the time to think about the next epidemic is now
World leaders and international donors must strengthen the most vulnerable nations’ health-care systems.
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00379-9
 
China:

Chinese government releases public app to gauge potential coronavirus exposures
The new tool comes as cases of the COVID-19 (novel coronavirus) reached over 40,000 in China.
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-02/10/c_138770415.htm

China offers classes online, on air amid epidemic outbreak
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-02/12/c_138777396.htm

Chinese researchers develop detection system for suspected cases of COVID-19
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-02/12/c_138777314.htm

China turns to AI, robots in coronavirus control
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-02/11/c_138774492.htm

Nearly 4 million community workers fighting on front line of epidemic control
http://en.nhc.gov.cn/2020-02/11/c_76436.htm

Beijing to set up checkpoints in all residential communities
http://en.nhc.gov.cn/2020-02/11/c_76440.htm
 
Other Countries
 
DoD Identifies 11 Backup Quarantine Sites Near Commercial Airports. 
Secretary of Defense Dr. Mark T. Esper is expected to support a request from the Department of Health and Human Services which asked DOD to identify military installations near 11 major airports that could house additional passengers, should HHS facilities become filled. These are tertiary locations, and HHS already has primary and secondary locations identified that are not DOD facilities
https://globalbiodefense.com/2020/02/07/dod-identifies-11-backup-quarantine-sites-near-commercial-airports/
 
Haptik launches WhatsaApp chatbot for novel Coronavirus awareness
Conversational AI firm Haptik has launched a novel Coronavirus helpdesk, a WhatsApp chatbot that will educate people about the virus and dispel myths around it.
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/tech/internet/haptik-launches-whatsaapp-chatbot-for-novel-coronavirus-awareness/articleshow/74068238.cms

Cruise ship turned away from five countries allowed to dock in Cambodia
https://www.theguardian.com/world/live/2020/feb/12/coronavirus-live-updates-deaths-infections-symptoms-transmission-wuhan-china-cruise-ship-quarantine-cases-latest-update-news
 
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Scientific publications and reports and news
 
Preparation for Possible Sustained Transmission of 2019 Novel Coronavirus: Lessons From Previous Epidemics
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2761285
 
Vaccines usually take years to develop (if they can be created at all). Technological innovations and a streamlined development process could cut that time to months for COVID-19. Even at that rate, it would be too late to fight the current outbreak, but a vaccine could be essential if the virus becomes established.
The Economist
 
CDC GUIDANCE FOR SHIPS MANAGING COVID-19
The US CDC has released interim guidance for ships on the management of COVID-19. The guidance provides information on detecting and clinically managing suspected infections, and strategies to prevent the spread of infection on board. In other news, a total of 135 of the 439 people tested for COVID-19 on the quarantined Diamond Princess cruise ship have been confirmed positive. It was recently announced that elderly passengers and those with chronic health conditions will be permitted to disembark the ship. 
 
Preliminary estimates from LSHTM suggest coronavirus outbreak will peak in Wuhan mid-late February 2020.
http://bit.ly/2OKBbYX

Genome Composition and Divergence of the Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Originating in China
A paper published in Cell Host & Microbe indicates that 2019-nCoV is more closely related in terms of whole genome sequence to SARS-like bat CoV than it is to SARS-CoV. The results identify 380 amino acid substitutions between the viruses, noting that these mutations do not affect the receptor binding motifs interacting the the ACE2 protein in humans. The paper concludes that the amino acid substitutions may shed light on potential differences in transmission and host range between 2019-nCoV and SARS-CoV.
https://www.cell.com/cell-host-microbe/fulltext/S1931-3128(20)30072
 
Therapeutic options for the 2019 novel coronavirus
The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has spread rapidly since its recent identification in patients with severe pneumonia in Wuhan, China. As of 10 February 2020, 2019-nCoV has been reported in 25 countries across 4 continents and >40,000 cases have been confirmed, with an estimated mortality risk of ~2%.
https://www.nature.com/articles/d41573-020-00016-0
 
Hospitals, governments need more data to prepare for the new coronavirus outbreak
In the six weeks since an outbreak of a novel coronavirus was first recognized in Wuhan, China, scientific discovery has unfolded at an unprecedented rate. Genomes of 73 samples of the virus, known for now as 2019-nCoV, from 12 countries have already been published, as have at least five academic papers describing clinical and epidemiological features of the disease.
https://www.statnews.com/2020/02/11/hospitals-governments-need-more-data-to-prepare-for-the-new-coronavirus-outbreak/
 
Trump Seeks to Halve U.S. Funding for World Health Organization as Coronavirus Rages
 The president’s new budget would cut more than $3 billion in global health programs including half of its annual funding to the World Health Organization (WHO), which is leading the fight against the deadly coronavirus outbreak. 
https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/02/10/trump-world-health-organization-funding-coronavirus-state-department-usaid-budget-cuts/

Deaths from newly named coronavirus disease top 1,000
http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2020/02/deaths-newly-named-coronavirus-disease-top-1000
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WHO Myth buster

Are hand dryers effective in killing the new coronavirus?
No. Hand dryers are not effective in killing the 2019-nCoV. To protect yourself against the new coronavirus, you should frequently clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Once your hands are cleaned, you should dry them thoroughly by using paper towels or a warm air dryer.

Can an ultraviolet disinfection lamp kill the new coronavirus?
UV lamps should not be used to sterilize hands or other areas of skin as UV radiation can cause skin irritation.

How effective are thermal scanners in detecting people infected with the new coronavirus?
Thermal scanners are effective in detecting people who have developed a fever (i.e. have a higher than normal body temperature) because of infection with the new coronavirus.
However, they cannot detect people who are infected but are not yet sick with fever. This is because it takes between 2 and 10 days before people who are infected become sick and develop a fever.
More on this link
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters
 
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WHO Technical guidance
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/technical-guidance
 

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Lancet Coronavirus Resource Centre
This resource brings together new 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) content from acrossThe Lancet journals as it is published. All content listed on this page is free to access.

https://www.thelancet.com/coronavirus
 
Elsevier’s free health and medical research on novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
https://www.elsevier.com/connect/coronavirus-information-center
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Training course:
 
WHO Critical Care Severe Acute Respiratory Infection Training
This course is intended for clinicians who are working in intensive care units (ICUs) in low and middle-income countries and managing adult and pediatric patients with severe forms of acute respiratory infection (SARI), including severe pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), sepsis and septic shock. It is a hands-on practical guide to be used by health care professionals involved in critical care management during outbreaks of influenza virus (seasonal) human infection due avian influenza virus (H5N1, H7N9), MERS-CoV, nCoV or other emerging respiratory viral epidemics.
https://openwho.org/courses/severe-acute-respiratory-infection
 
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Knowledge Sharing

Thank you for reading. If you have thoughts, feedback, story ideas, or questions you would like to share or interested in partnering with us on a special event coverage, please send a note to Chadia Wannous via email cwannous@yahoo.com  

 

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