COVID-19 situation: 13 July 2020

To view images in this newsletter, please allow images and html options. 

View this email in your browser
 

Pandemic Threats and Health Emergencies

COVID-19 situation: 13 July 2020

Welcome to this special issue of the newsletter where we highlight latest research and policy news and literature on COVID-19 situation

Please send your feedback, articles and reports, or questions you would like to share to Dr. Chadia Wannous via email  cwannous@yahoo.com  

Wishing you useful reading!
Chadia

COVID-19 Outbreak Situation 

 
Situation updates:
 

WHO Global Situation Report 174 by 12 July 2020
Highlights

https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/situation-reports/20200712-covid-19-sitrep-174.pdf

 
Links to the COVID-19 dashboards for most up-to-date figures:
Global dashboard https://covid19.who.int/
WHO COVID-19 alerts in African Region
WHO COVID-19 readiness dashboard in African Region
WHO COVID-19 situation dashboard in European Region
WHO COVID-19 weekly surveillance dashboard in European Region
WHO COVID-19 situation dashboard in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
PAHO COVID-19 alerts in the Region of the Americas
 
All information about COVID- 19 can be found here:https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019
 
Latest updates - Live press conference (Geneva)
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019
 
===================
Situation updates in the Region of the Americas
 

July 12th, 2020 15:00 (EST)

An additional 129,657 cases and 3,220 deaths were reported in the past 24 hours, representing a 1.98% relative increase in cases and a 1.14% relative increase in deaths, compared to the previous day.
The United States of America accounts for 48.4% of all cases and 46.9% of all deaths for the Region of the Americas and Brazil accounts for 27.6% of all cases and 24.9% of all deaths. Combined, these two countries account for 76.0% of all cases and 71.8% of all deaths currently reported in the Region.
https://www.paho.org/en/topics/coronavirus-infections/coronavirus-disease-covid-19-pandemic

==============================

Situation update for the EU/EEA and the UK as of 13 July 2020

As of 13 July 2020, 1 585 334 cases have been reported in the EU/EEA and the UK: United Kingdom (289 603), Spain (253 908), Italy (243 061), Germany (198 963), France (170 752), Sweden (74 898), Belgium (62 707), Netherlands (50 967), Portugal (46 512), Poland (37 891), Romania (32 535), Ireland (25 628), Austria (18 847), Czechia (13 174), Denmark (12 946), Norway (8 965), Bulgaria (7 525), Finland (7 294), Luxembourg (4 925), Hungary (4 234), Greece (3 803), Croatia (3 722), Estonia (2 014), Slovakia (1 901), Iceland (1 896), Lithuania (1 869), Slovenia (1 841), Latvia (1 173), Cyprus (1 021), Malta (674) and Liechtenstein (85).
As of 13 July 2020, 179 433 deaths have been reported in the EU/EEA and the UK: United Kingdom (44 819), Italy (34 954), France (30 004), Spain (28 403), Belgium (9 782), Germany (9 064), Netherlands (6 128), Sweden (5 526), Romania (1 884), Ireland (1 746), Portugal (1 660), Poland (1 571), Austria (708), Denmark (609), Hungary (595), Czechia (352), Finland (329), Bulgaria (268), Norway (252), Greece (193), Croatia (119), Luxembourg (111), Slovenia (111), Lithuania (79), Estonia (69), Latvia (30), Slovakia (28), Cyprus (19), Iceland (10), Malta (9) and Liechtenstein (1).
https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/cases-2019-ncov-eueea
 
Situation dashboard: latest available data
https://qap.ecdc.europa.eu/public/extensions/COVID-19/COVID-19.html
 
=====================

COVID-19 ‘storm’ warning in Africa

“The pandemic is gaining full momentum” in Africa, says John Nkengasong, head of the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. On Thursday, Nkengasong announced that new cases were up 24% on the continent in the past week. Egypt, Nigeria, South Africa, Ghana and Algeria account for the lion’s share of the confirmed cases. On Twitter, Nkengasong called for “an aggressive and bold approach” of mask-wearing, testing, contact tracing and community response to contain the spread.
The Guardian | 7 min read
 
How the new coronavirus surges compare to New York City's peak
COVID-19 has been described as a once-in-a-century pandemic, with New York City as the iconic early epicenter for the U.S. Now, as coronavirus surges across the country, many places are moving toward a New York-style crisis—and not only in urban areas.
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/07/how-new-coronavirus-surges-compare-new-york-city-peak-cvd
 
The CDC has always been an apolitical island. That's left it defenseless against Trump
President Trump has openly sparred with federal agencies playing a role in the country's Covid-19 response, and the CDC, given its historically apolitical role, has been more vulnerable to criticism and pushback than the other agencies. Most of the CDC is in Atlanta, and its small D.C. staff — which is currently without a leader — has always meant that the agency has had less political capital than other federal health agencies with a larger presence in Washington. “The problem that [the CDC] often have is that they tend to ignore the politics,” said public health expert David Rosner.
Read more here.
 
=========================
Control Measures

 

OpenSAFELY: factors associated with COVID-19 death in 17 million patient
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-020-2521-4_reference.pdf

Secure meat-hungry food systems to prevent next pandemic

  • Intensive agriculture for animal protein source of emerging diseases, experts say
  • But, understanding of animal pathogen spillover incomplete, making pandemic prediction difficult
  • Investment needed in early warning systems, One Health preparedness

https://www.scidev.net/asia-pacific/disease/feature/secure-meat-hungry-food-systems-to-prevent-next-pandemic-1.html

Shut down ‘risky’ meat markets to stop disease: WWF

https://www.scidev.net/global/agriculture/news/shut-down-risky-meat-markets-to-stop-disease-wwf.html
 
How to make masks that everyone will want to wear
National Geographic contacted engineers, physicists, psychologists, and fashion designers to find out the best tips for building better masks.
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/07/how-to-make-coronavirus-masks-that-everyone-will-want-to-wear-cvd
 
A brief history of gloves, from the Ice Age to the coronavirus era
The oldest existing gloves were found in Tut's tomb, but cave paintings suggest humans wore mittens as far back as the Ice Age. As COVID-19 brings a revival of "errand" gloves, we look back at the fascinating (and sometimes scandalous) role gloves have played in the human story.
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/2020/07/a-brief-history-of-gloves-in-fashion-medicine-and-work
 
====================
Countries Measures

Australia’s second city faces a new wave of contagion

This time, a targeted lockdown will be even tighter than before
https://www.economist.com/asia/2020/07/11/australias-second-city-faces-a-new-wave-of-contagion

Seventeen states filed a lawsuit to block a new Trump administration rule that would revoke the visas of foreign students who take all online classes.

The rule, issued a week ago, would upend months of careful planning by colleges and universities, the lawsuit says, and could force many students to return to their home countries during the pandemic, where their ability to study would be severely compromised.
Read the latest
 
Some hospitals are running out of remdesivir—the only FDA-approved COVID-19 treatment—while others have extra doses; but federal distribution mechanisms don't empower hospitals to move the drug to where it’s needed most.
CNN
 
The American Academy of Pediatrics, along with the three education associations, walked back its statement urging schools to reopen in the fall with the aim of having students be physically present. In a new statement, the agencies said that although being in school is still beneficial for children, "Science should drive decision-making on safely reopening schools," and that, "Public health agencies must make recommendations based on evidence, not politics." 

Coronapod: Outbreak at San Quentin

Prison authorities in California declined free coronavirus tests and urgent advice from scientists. Now, San Quentin State Prison is grappling with the second-largest coronavirus outbreak in the United States. In this week’s COVID-19 podcast, the Nature news team discusses what happened, and how similar tragedies in prisons can be prevented.
Nature Coronapod | 46 min listen
 
Kazakhstan's “strange pneumonia” outbreak is probably caused by COVID-19 cases that have not been properly diagnosed, WHO health emergencies chief Michael Ryan said Friday.
Deutsche Welle
 
Most Germans haven’t come into contact with COVID-19, according to early results of an antibody study that found just 1.3% of blood donor samples contained coronavirus antibodies.
Reuters  
 
===========================
 
Scientific Publications, Reports and News

3,000 Health Workers Dead, Protests Silenced

More than 3,000 health care workers worldwide have died from COVID-19—and that’s likely a “significant underestimate,” according to an Amnesty International report published today.

In addition to the risks of caring for COVID patients (often with scarce protective equipment), health workers face reprisals if they speak out about care issues,
the Irish Times reports.  

What explains the high rate of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in meat and poultry facilities?

https://www.cebm.net/covid-19/what-explains-the-high-rate-of-sars-cov-2-transmission-in-meat-and-poultry-facilities-2/
 
COVID-19 Among Workers in Meat and Poultry Processing Facilities ― 19 States, April 2020.
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6918e3.htm
 
The Impact of Covid lockdown on Air Pollution Levels in Bengaluru
City air pollution dropped by 28% in Bengaluru during Covid-19 lockdown, a new analysis reveals.
http://climateandhealthalliance.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/covid_air_pollution_Bengaluru-report-June-2020.pdf

Health and sustainability in post-pandemic economic policies

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-020-0563-0
 
Challenges Estimating Total Lives Lost in COVID-19 Decisions Consideration of Mortality Related to Unemployment, Social Isolation, and Depression
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2768250

Estimation of Excess Deaths Associated With the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States, March to May 2020

In this cohort study, the number of deaths due to any cause increased by approximately 122 000 from March 1 to May 30, 2020, which is 28% higher than the reported number of COVID-19 deaths. Official tallies of deaths due to COVID-19 underestimate the full increase in deaths associated with the pandemic in many states.
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2767980

Immunity to Covid-19 could be lost in months, UK study suggests

Blood tests revealed that while 60% of people marshalled a “potent” antibody response at the height of their battle with the virus, only 17% retained the same potency three months later. Antibody levels fell as much as 23-fold over the period. In some cases, they became undetectable.
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/12/immunity-to-covid-19-could-be-lost-in-months-uk-study-suggests

COVID-19 pandemic and associated lockdown as a “Global Human Confinement Experiment” to investigate biodiversity conservation

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0006320720307230

Planning for the next pandemic: facts and figures

  • Drug resistance exacerbating the risk of disease outbreaks
  • Ebola and Zika began new era of high-impact, hard to manage epidemics
  • Obesity and lifestyle diseases could be next global problem

https://www.scidev.net/global/nutrition/feature/planning-for-the-next-pandemic-facts-and-figures.html

A WHO-led mission may investigate the pandemic’s origin. Here are the key questions to ask

The two-person team from the World Health Organization (WHO) traveling to China today to address the origin of the COVID-19 pandemic is unlikely to come home with answers. Rather, the duo—an epidemiologist and an animal health expert whose names have not been released—will discuss with Chinese officials the scope of a larger international mission later, according to a WHO statement.
https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/07/who-led-mission-may-investigate-pandemic-s-origin-here-are-key-questions-ask
 
Wildlife crime putting environment and health at risk: UN report
The COVID-19 pandemic shows how wildlife crime is a threat not only to the environment but to human health, according to a new UN report issued on Friday.
https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/wildlife/2020/World_Wildlife_Report_2020_9July.pdf

Rigorous wildlife disease surveillance

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/369/6500/145/tab-pdf

Disease hotspots flourish when the city meets the country

  • Cities struggling with density are ‘future disease hotspots’
  • Zoonotic disease outbreaks sparked by cities encroaching on wildlife, farming areas
  • Sustainable growth possible if cities recognise urban poor

https://www.scidev.net/global/disease/feature/disease-hotspots-flourish-when-the-city-meets-the-country.html
 
Wildlife markets in the west
 Ecologist
 
===================
Testing

Infections in India are soaring, but increased testing will help

Covid-19 has spread from big cities to country towns with alarming speed
https://www.economist.com/asia/2020/07/11/infections-in-india-are-soaring-but-increased-testing-will-help
 
Some COVID-19 test results in the US are taking so long to come back that “contact tracing is almost useless,”
The Washington Post.

Yet months in, the US still lacks a strategic approach to testing and tracing,
in a commentary for The Hill.
 
================
Tracking

Assessment of patients who tested positive for COVID-19 after recovery
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(20)30433-3/fulltext
 
======
Treatment

Pathophysiology, Transmission, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) A Review

As of July 1, 2020, more than 10 million people worldwide had been infected with SARS-CoV-2. Many aspects of transmission, infection, and treatment remain unclear. Advances in prevention and effective management of COVID-19 will require basic and clinical investigation and public health and clinical interventions.
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2768391

Is a “Cytokine Storm” Relevant to COVID-19?

https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2767939
=============
Vaccines
 
Vaccinology: time to change the paradigm?
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/PIIS1473-3099(19)30742-X/fulltext
 
========================
 
Consequences of the Outbreak on society and Economy
 
Gender focus

Caught in the COVID-19 storm: women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health in the context of UHC and the SDGs
A new report from a United Nations panel estimates that 20% of mothers and children around the world are losing health and social services as a result of the pandemic. The report also estimates 13.5 million children missed vaccinations due to the pandemic, an additional 24,400 maternal deaths as well as nearly 170,000 newborn deaths. 
https://iapewec.org/reports/annual-reports/iap-2020-report

Germany’s Covid-19 response is not gender-just: here is why

https://www.iass-potsdam.de/en/blog/2020/04/germanys-covid-19-response-not-gender-just-here-why
 
Where are the women? Gender inequalities in COVID-19 research authorship

  • Women account for about a third of all authors who published papers related to COVID-19 since the beginning of the outbreak in January 2020. Women’s representation is lower still for first and last authorship positions.
  • Gender biases seem to be affecting COVID-19 research similar to other scientific areas, highlighting that women are consistently being under-represented.
  • This may have implications for the availability and interrogation of sex-disaggregated data and therefore our understanding of COVID-19.
  • These gender biases hint at wider gender inequalities in our global response to the pandemic, which may reduce the chance of dealing with it robustly and speedily.
  • Women are under-represented as authors of research papers in many scientific areas, particularly in senior authorship positions.

https://gh.bmj.com/content/5/7/e002922

How coronavirus is widening the UK gender pay gap

The pandemic has been disastrous for women’s economic progress. But inequality was baked into the system long before lockdown.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/07/how-coronavirus-is-widening-the-uk-gender-pay-gap
 
'Women always take the brunt': India sees surge in unsafe abortion
The Guardian

Call for a Feminist COVID-19 Policy

This statement has been endorsed by more than 1600 individuals and women’s networks and organizations from more than 100 countries, to demand States the adoption of a feminist policy to address the extraordinary challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic in a manner that is consistent with human rights standards and principles.This initiative was initiated by women from the Global South and from marginalized communities in the Global North and was coordinated by the Feminist Alliance for Rights (FAR).
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1SJAhjfm_-kgBZCotNryVUp_iDQwE2ocmUpyJALCr0oY/edit
Please fill out this form if you want to endorse this petition: http://tiny.cc/endorsenow       
----------------------
 
New CDC data reveal that Black and Hispanic individuals under the age of 65 are dying of Covid-19 at greater numbers than those from other racial groups. More than a third of Hispanic Americans who died from the novel virus were under the age of 65, compared to 30% of Black individuals and 13% of white people in that age group.
 
Is COVID-19 helping or hindering?
COVID-19 has captured the world's attention — and money. "It would be great if somehow the vaccines for HIV were to be incentivized in the same way that the vaccines for COVID-19 are,” says Dr. Jerome Kim, director general of the International Vaccine Institute.
https://www.devex.com/news/q-a-is-covid-19-helping-or-hindering-progress-toward-an-hiv-vaccine-97672
 
Dengue prevention efforts stifled by coronavirus pandemic
AP

EU should draw up list of medicines to be produced in Europe, says German health minister  
Reuters
 
The economic fallout from the pandemic may force almost 10 million children to drop out of school worldwide, according to a Save the Children report.
The Telegraph

Some economies are bouncing back. But recoveries can easily go wrong
Our analysis shows just how fragile consumer confidence can be
https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/2020/07/11/some-economies-are-bouncing-back-but-recoveries-can-easily-go-wrong
 
-----------------------------
 
Risk Communication 

1st WHO Infodemiology Conference
When: 21 July 2020 15:00 CET
Topic: Outcomes of the 1st WHO Infodemiology Conference 
Register here
 
Updated WHO Myth buster
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters
 
UNESCO mythbusting
https://en.unesco.org/sites/default/files/disinfodemic_deciphering_covid19_disinformation.pdf
 
EPI-WIN: tailored informationfor individuals, organizations and communities
https://www.who.int/teams/risk-communication
---------------------------------
WHO Technical guidance
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/technical-guidance
 
=====================
The CDC published new guidance on COVID-19
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/whats-new-all.html
 
========================
 
Resources

Sex, gender and COVID-19: overview and resources
https://globalhealth5050.org/covid19
 
Lancet Coronavirus Resource Centre
This resource brings together new 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) content from across The Lancet journals as it is published. All content listed on this page is free to access.

https://www.thelancet.com/coronavirus
 
Elsevier’s free health and medical research on novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
https://www.elsevier.com/connect/coronavirus-information-center
 

CIDRAP COVID-19 Resource Center
CIDRAP has created a one-stop comprehensive compilation of the most current, authorititive information available on the novel coronavirus.
Visit the Resource Center often, as the outbreak is constantly evolving

COVID-19 SARS-CoV-2 preprints from medRxiv and bioRxiv
https://connect.medrxiv.org/relate/content/181
==============

Training courses:
WHO training
https://openwho.org/courses
 
100th COVID-19 course launched on OpenWHO
OpenWHO launched its 100th online course to support the response to coronavirus disease on 26 June, exactly 5 months after launching its first COVID-19 course
https://openwho.org/
 
PAHO sources and materials on COVID19
https://www.campusvirtualsp.org/en/covid-19

ECDC COVID-19 Micro learning 
https://eva.ecdc.europa.eu/mod/forum/discuss.php
============================

Research and Development
Global research on coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
Database of publications on coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/global-research-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov
 
“Solidarity” clinical trial for COVID-19 treatments
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/global-research-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov/solidarity-clinical-trial-for-covid-19-treatments
 
“Solidarity II” global serologic study for COVID-19
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/global-research-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov/solidarity-2-global-serologic-study-for-covid-19
 
Accelerating a safe and effective COVID-19 vaccine
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/global-research-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov/accelerating-a-safe-and-effective-covid-19-vaccine
 
COVID-19 technology access pool
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/global-research-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov/covid-19-technology-access-pool
=============================
COVID-19 Call to Action: Short – Term Assignments with the WHO Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN)
Your expertise is needed to address COVID-19
The GOARN, a collaboration of over 200 institutions and networks that identifies experts willing and able to assist during an outbreak or pandemic, is seeking experts with a minimum of 5-yrs experience in relevant disciplines to help build capacity for the global COVID-19 pandemic response. https://conta.cc/2VPQ0xk
================================
 
Help Fight Coronavirus- Donate Now
Everyone can now support directly the response coordinated by WHO. People and organizations who want to help fight the pandemic and support WHO and partners can now donate through the COVID-Solidarity Response Fund for WHO at www.COVID19ResponseFund.org.
 

 

 

Knowledge Sharing

Thank you for reading. If you have thoughts, feedback, story ideas, or questions you would like to share or interested in partnering with us on a special event coverage, please send a note to Chadia Wannous via emailcwannous@yahoo.com  

 

unsubscribe from this list    update subscription preferences