COVID-19 Situation: 14 September 2020

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Pandemic Threats and Health Emergencies

COVID-19 Situation: 14 September 2020

Welcome to this special issue of the newsletter where we highlight latest research and policy news and literature on COVID-19 situation

Please send your feedback, articles and reports, or questions you would like to share to Dr. Chadia Wannous via email  cwannous@yahoo.com  

Wishing you useful reading!
Chadia

COVID-19 Outbreak Situation 

 
Situation updates:

WHO global Weekly Epidemiological Update- 9 September
https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/weekly-updates/wou-9-september-2020-cleared.pdf
 
COVID-19 dashboards for most up-to-date figures:
Global dashboard https://covid19.who.int/

COVID-19 Partners Platform & Supply Portal
https://covid19partnersplatform.who.int/
 
Updates from WHO regional offices

WHO AFRO
https://who.maps.arcgis.com/apps/opsdashboard/index.html#/0c9b3a8b68d0437a8cf28581e9c063a9
 
WHO PAHO
September 13th, 2020 15:00 (EST)
An additional 113,313 cases and 2,682 deaths were reported in the past 24 hours, representing a 0.77% relative increase in cases and a 0.53% relative increase in deaths, compared to the previous day.
Honduras has reported more than 1,000 new cases in the last 24 hours, the highest since the beginning of the pandemic. Most newly reported cases are from the departments of Cortés, Islas de la Bahía and Colón.
PAHO Situation Reports
https://www.paho.org/en/topics/coronavirus-infections/coronavirus-disease-covid-19-pandemic
 
WHO EMRO
http://www.emro.who.int/health-topics/corona-virus/index.html
 
WHO SEARO
https://www.who.int/southeastasia/outbreaks-and-emergencies/novel-coronavirus-2019
 
WHO EURO
https://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-emergencies/coronavirus-covid-19
 
WHO WPRO
 https://www.who.int/westernpacific/emergencies/covid-19
 
All information about COVID- 19 can be found here:
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019
 
Latest updates - Live press conference (Geneva)
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019
 
=========================

Pandemic total tops 28 million cases
India again reports a record 1-day total for anywhere in the world, with 96,551 new cases.
More »

Coronavirus: Cases in France leap past 10,000 a day
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-54137319

Brazil and COVID-19—A Fleeting Glimpse of What Is to Come
https://jamanetwork.com/channels/health-forum/fullarticle/2770531
-----------------------------
Control Measures

Statement from the first ACT-Accelerator Facilitation Council meeting
https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/10-09-2020-statement-from-the-first-act-accelerator-facilitation-council-meeting

Handwashing and hygiene: How simple solutions help complex problems
Handwashing has been thrust into the spotlight with COVID-19, and has never been more crucial. Our latest Research in Action feature profiles LSHTM researchers working to ensure equitable access to handwashing tools.
Read more →
 
Scarcity of key material squeezes medical mask manufacturing
AP
 
What's The Best Way To Store Face Masks During The COVID-19 Pandemic?
HuffPost
 
U.N. chief António Guterres called for $35 billion to fund WHO's COVID-19 vaccine and treatment accelerator program during a virtual meeting Thursday.
VOA

Op-ed: How toilets can spread COVID—and what to do about it
How “bioaerosols” released by flushing toilets can spread coronavirus, and suggests steps that people can take to make bathrooms safer.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/2020/09/01/its-time-talk-about-how-toilets-may-be-spreading-covid-19/
 
====================
Countries Measures

Trump officials interfered with CDC reports on Covid-19
The politically appointed HHS spokesperson and his team demanded and received the right to review CDC’s scientific reports to health professionals.
https://www.politico.com/news/2020/09/11/exclusive-trump-officials-interfered-with-cdc-reports-on-covid-19-412809

Virus America, six months in: Disarray, dismay, disconnect
https://apnews.com/706587be1d93d2672087a0ad99459462

Canada reports no new deaths from coronavirus for the first time since March
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/canada-zero-coronavirus-covid-deaths-first-time
 
Melbourne is using pop-up police spy stations to find people breaking COVID rules – what does the law say?
Surveillance tools such as these are perfectly legal in Australia, despite privacy concerns. But safeguards should still be put into place.
https://theconversation.com/melbourne-is-using-pop-up-police-spy-stations-to-find-people-breaking-covid-rules-what-does-the-law-say-145684
 
Ireland plans to join common EU system of COVID-19 travel restrictions - PM
http://reut.rs/33oPkSb
 
PERU
Despite receiving initial praise for implementing early lockdown measures and other public health response efforts, Peru is now reporting one of the highest per capita fatality rates in the world. Prior to COVID-19, Peru was a growing economic leader in South America, but now, like many countries, it is experiencing substantial economic impacts stemming from the pandemic. Peru’s economy took a particularly sharp decline, 30% reduction in the second quarter of 2020, and it is expected to contract by a total of 12% for the full year. Critics argue that the economic relief measures passed in Peru were inadequate to address the magnitude of COVID-19’s impact, particularly for small businesses.
 
In the midst of its second wave, Spain is attempting to send children back to school. Like many countries, including the US, there is considerable debate regarding the safety and risk associated with resuming in-person classes, including for the students and the community. Schools across the country have implemented a variety of policies and solutions to mitigate the risk, but not all schools can afford these investments
https://text.npr.org/s.php?sId=907084962
 
No masks, no distancing: Schools in Denmark defy COVID-19 - with success so far | CBC News
https://www.cbc.ca/news/world/denmark-schools-covid-19-pandemic-1.5720508
 
===========================
 
Scientific Publications, Reports and News
 
Decolonising global health: if not now, when?

  • Histories of slavery, redlining, environmental racism and the predatory nature of capitalism underpin the design of global and public health systems, resulting in structural, racial and ethnic inequities within Black, Indigenous and People of Color (BIPOC) communities globally.
  • While the manifestation of inequity in individual countries or regions is bound up in the local-to-global interface of historical, economical, social and political forces, COVID-19 disproportionately affects BIPOC and other marginalised communities.
  • Aside from direct health impacts on marginalised communities, exclusionary colonialist patterns that centre Euro-Western knowledge systems have also shaped the language and response to the pandemic—which, in turn, can have adverse health outcomes.
  • Decolonising global health advances an agenda of repoliticising and rehistoricising health through a paradigm shift, a leadership shift and a knowledge shift.
  • While the global response to COVID-19 has so far reinforced injustices, the coming months present a window of opportunity to transform global health.

https://gh.bmj.com/content/5/8/e003394

Now everyone’s a statistician. Here’s what armchair COVID experts are getting wrong
https://theconversation.com/now-everyones-a-statistician-heres-what-armchair-covid-experts-are-getting-wrong-144494
 
Face-mask recognition has arrived—for better or worse
New algorithms can police whether people are complying with public health guidance. The practice raises familiar questions about data privacy.
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/09/face-mask-recognition-has-arrived-for-coronavirus-better-or-worse-cvd
 
Private autopsies are on the rise during the COVID-19 pandemic
More Americans are relying on costly companies to examine their deceased loved ones due in part to a longstanding shortage of public practitioners.
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/2020/09/private-autopsy-companies-rise-shortage-united-states-coronavirus-cvd

Close case contact, dining out tied to COVID-19 spread
Adults with COVID-19 were almost twice as likely to report dining at a restaurant.
More »

Heart inflammation found in athletes after mild, asymptomatic COVID-19
Four of 26 competitive athletes (15%) who had recovered from mild or asymptomatic COVID-19 had evidence suggestive of myocarditis, or inflammation of the heart muscle, on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, according to a research letter published today in JAMA Cardiology.
Sep 11 JAMA Cardiol research letter

Swiss study finds lower aerobic capacity in soldiers with COVID-19
A study of Swiss Army personnel found reduced aerobic capacity in recruits with symptomatic COVID-19 1 to 2 months after diagnosis, Swiss and British researchers reported yesterday in Eurosurveillance.
Sep 10 Eurosurveill study

Child-to-child SARS-CoV-2 spread rare in German schools, study finds
In another study yesterday in Eurosurveillance, German researchers report that child-to-child transmission of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, appeared very uncommon after schools and childcare facilities in the state of Baden-Wurttemberg reopened.
https://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2020/09/covid-19-scan-sep-11-2020

COVID-19 and the Path to Immunity
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2770758

Obesity and Hypertension in the Time of COVID-19
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2770253

Regardless of Age, Obesity and Hypertension Increase Risks With COVID-19
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/2770541
 
Clinical outcomes in young US adults hospitalized with COVID-19.
10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.5313
 
Factors associated with health in critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 in the United States. 
10.1001/jamainternmed.2020.3596

Comparison of Clinical Features of COVID-19 vs Seasonal Influenza A and B in US Children
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2770250

Projected health-care resource needs for an effective response to COVID-19 in 73 low-income and middle-income countries: a modelling study
The total cost estimate for the COVID-19 response in the status quo scenario was US$52·45 billion over 4 weeks, at $8·60 per capita. For the decreased or increased transmission scenarios, the totals were $33·08 billion and $61·92 billion, respectively. Costs would triple under the status quo and increased transmission scenarios at 12 weeks. The costs of the decreased transmission scenario over 12 weeks was equivalent to the cost of the status quo scenario at 4 weeks. By percentage of the overall cost, case management (54%), maintaining essential services (21%), rapid response and case investigation (14%), and infection prevention and control (9%) were the main cost drivers.
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/langlo/article/PIIS2214-109X(20)30383-1/fulltext

Community and Close Contact Exposures Associated with COVID-19 Among Symptomatic Adults ≥18 Years in 11 Outpatient Health Care Facilities — United States, July 2020
The researchers surveyed the participants to identify potential exposures in a variety of settings in the 2 weeks prior to their test. Overall, there was no significant difference between cases and controls for most settings, including shopping, large gatherings at home, public transportation, bars or coffee shops, religious services, salons, and gyms. Notably, however, cases were twice as likely to report dining at a restaurant than controls, a statistically significant difference. When limiting the analysis to those with no known contact with COVID-19 cases, cases were 2.8 times more likely to have dined at a restaurant and 3.9 times more likely to have visited a bar or coffee shop. Additionally, among those participants who reported dining at a restaurant or visiting a bar or coffee shop, controls were statistically more likely to report that most other patrons were adhering to recommendations, including mask use and social distancing.
https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6936a5.htm

Opinion: Real-time gene sequencing can help control — and may someday prevent — pandemics
Fast, portable gene sequencing machines can offer great insight into how a virus like SARS-CoV-2 becomes dispersed in real time.
Read More
 
The lessons we've learned from the Covid-19 response, according to Anthony Fauci
STAT

Mortality Rates From COVID-19 Are Lower in Unionized Nursing Homes
https://www.healthaffairs.org/doi/full/10.1377/hlthaff.2020.01011
 
The Covid city                                                                                                                              
The Covid-19 pandemic has fallen hardest not just on cities but on poorer, overcrowded neighborhoods. Could the pandemic lead to a more advanced and inclusive form of urbanism?
https://eco-business.cmail20.com/t/r-l-julyitjt-owjhtiirt-i/
 
Covid-19 will weaken energy demand for decades—but world still losing climate fight, warns report      
The coronavirus may dampen energy demand for decades, while the share of renewables grows and transport is increasingly electrified. Even so, the world is on track to heat up by 2.3 degrees Celsius by 2100, a new report predicts.
https://eco-business.cmail20.com/t/r-l-julyitjt-owjhtiirt-b/

How do we avert global warming and pandemics? New app has answers
A new online platform shows where best to protect land in order to safeguard biodiversity and stem carbon emissions.
https://www.eco-business.com/news/how-do-we-avert-global-warming-and-pandemics-new-app-has-answers
 
===================
Testing
Batch testing and contact tracing are the two keys to stop the lockdown yo-yo
https://theconversation.com/vital-signs-batch-testing-and-contact-tracing-are-the-two-keys-to-stop-the-lockdown-yo-yo-145843

COVID-19 genome sequencing laboratory network launches in Africa
Twelve specialized and regional reference laboratories in the network will provide sequencing, data analysis and other technical support services to the countries where they are located as well as to neighbouring countries and countries in their sub-regions.
https://www.afro.who.int/news/covid-19-genome-sequencing-laboratory-network-launches-africa
================
Tracking
Association of Mobile Phone Location Data Indications of Travel and Stay-at-Home Mandates With COVID-19 Infection Rates in the US
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2770249

Prevalence of Third-Party Tracking on COVID-19–Related Web Pages
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2770565
==============
Treatment

Incidence of Nosocomial COVID-19 in Patients Hospitalized at a Large US Academic Medical Center
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2770287

Oxygen grows scarce in some parts of India as coronavirus cases rise
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-health-coronavirus-india-cases/oxygen-grows-scarce-in-some-parts-of-india-as-coronavirus-cases-rise-idUSKBN2630A1

Seeking the causes of post-Covid symptoms, researchers dust off data on college students with mononucleosis
Post-viral symptoms, such as persistent aches and fatigue after a bout of influenza, are a common but poorly understood phenomenon.
Read More
 
Punctured lung may be yet another COVID-19 complication
A new study shows that as many as 1 in every 100 COVID-19 patients may experience the condition, which most is most common in very tall young men or older patients with serious underlying lung disease. CIDRAP
 
=============
Vaccines

Rising vaccine wariness in some nations doesn't bode well for COVID vaccines
New report finds a range of vaccine confidence and skepticism worldwide.
More »

Fairly Prioritizing Groups for Access to COVID-19 Vaccines
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2770684

Reassuring the Public and Clinical Community About the Scientific Review and Approval of a COVID-19 Vaccine
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2770681

Mapping global trends in vaccine confidence and investigating barriers to vaccine uptake: a large-scale retrospective temporal modelling study
Between November, 2015, and December, 2019, we estimate that confidence in the importance, safety, and effectiveness of vaccines fell in Afghanistan, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Philippines, and South Korea. We found significant increases in respondents strongly disagreeing that vaccines are safe between 2015 and 2019 in six countries: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Serbia. We find signs that confidence has improved between 2018 and 2019 in some EU member states, including Finland, France, Ireland, and Italy, with recent losses detected in Poland. Confidence in the importance of vaccines (rather than in their safety or effectiveness) had the strongest univariate association with vaccine uptake compared with other determinants considered. When a link was found between individuals' religious beliefs and uptake, findings indicated that minority religious groups tended to have lower probabilities of uptake.
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(20)31558-0/fulltext
 
The underdog coronavirus vaccines that the world will need if front runners stumble
Nature
 
========================
 
Consequences of the Outbreak on Society and Economy

The Other Way Covid Will Kill: Hunger
Worldwide, the population facing life-threatening levels of food insecurity is expected to double, to more than a quarter of a billion people.
https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/11/business/covid-hunger-food-insecurity.html

More Farmers Choose Death over Debt
India’s farmers were already deep in debt—and committing suicide in alarming numbers—well before the pandemic. Now as COVID-19 cases accelerate, the debt crisis that has tormented India’s farmers for decades is only getting worse—with likely thousands of farmer suicides in recent months. 

The New York Times

Assessment of Mental Health of Chinese Primary School Students Before and After School Closing and Opening During the COVID-19 Pandemic
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2770489

COVID-19, Disparities, and Opportunities for Equity in Otolaryngology—Unequal America
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamaotolaryngology/fullarticle/2770571

Places and the Pandemic—Barriers and Opportunities to Address Geographic Inequity
https://jamanetwork.com/channels/health-forum/fullarticle/2770685
 
Gender

Post-COVID recovery should boost women’s workforce participation: Learning from India
https://www.genderandcovid-19.org/uncategorized/post-covid-recovery-should-boost-womens-workforce-participation-learning-from-india/

More Women are Going Missing in the Pandemic
Violence against women is pervasive in Latin America at the best of times, but the pandemic has exacerbated those dangers. In Peru, 1,400+ women have disappeared since March, when the country entered a COVID-19 state of emergency.   
The trend seems to suggest these women are experiencing violence at home—underscored by the skyrocketing number of calls placed to domestic violence hotlines in Peru and elsewhere. In an effort to find their loved ones, some have taken their search online with the Facebook group Mujeres Desaparecidas, or Missing Women.
https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/09/10/910737751/the-women-of-peru-are-suffering-from-a-shadow-pandemic

The New and expanded COVID-19 Sex-Disaggregated Data Tracker
We are delighted to share with you our brand new dashboard featuring the fully revamped COVID-19 Sex-Disaggregated Data Tracker, launched this week. 
https://globalhealth5050.org/the-sex-gender-and-covid-19-project/
 
Migration/Refugees

South Asian migrant workers seek justice as wage theft worsens under coronavirus
Mechanisms for workers to file labour disputes in the Gulf have historically been slow and weak, say lawyers. "Non-payment of wages or benefits has always plagued migrant workers in Gulf countries," said Kochery, who specialises in labour law.
"But during COVID, the impact is being felt 100 times more. People left in fear, in a hurry, and most did not have time to collect pending wages or benefits as they boarded special flights to return home. Now they are counting their losses."
https://news.trust.org/item/20200908231004-hlk8n
 
Economy

Emerging Stronger From the Great Lockdown
https://foreignpolicy.com/2020/09/09/great-lockdown-economy-recovery-coronavirus

After COVID, we’ll need a rethink to repair Australia’s housing system and the economy
https://theconversation.com/after-covid-well-need-a-rethink-to-repair-australias-housing-system-and-the-economy-145437

'Groundbreaking' U.S. housing data hailed as new tool to target COVID-19 aid
Five million Americans lose their homes each year due to eviction or foreclosure, according to new county-level report
https://news.trust.org/item/20200909061054-r5gm6

Half of households in the four largest U.S. cities—New York City, Los Angeles, Chicago, and Houston—report facing serious financial problems during the coronavirus outbreak
https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/press-releases/poll-half-of-households-in-the-four-largest-u-s-cities-new-york-city-los-angeles-chicago-and-houston-report-facing-serious-financial-problems-during-the-coronavirus-outbreak/

Pandemic pushes world's biggest jobs programme to brink in rural India
Millions of Indian migrant workers short on options after being left jobless by coronavirus
https://news.trust.org/item/20200910231048-y7piq
 
Travel Industry Update: September 11, 2020
https://www.centerforhealthsecurity.org/resources/COVID-19/us-travel-and-retail-updates/20-09-11-travel.pdf
 
Retail Supply Chain Update: September 9, 2020
https://www.centerforhealthsecurity.org/resources/COVID-19/us-travel-and-retail-updates/20-09-09-supply.pdf
 
Health
 
US health workers are getting sick and dying in hospitals where CDC guidelines to isolate COVID-19 patients are being ignored.
NPR

COVID-19 could reverse decades of progress toward eliminating preventable child deaths, agencies warn
UNICEF survey conducted over the summer across 77 countries found that almost 68 per cent of countries reported at least some disruption in health checks for children and immunization services. In addition, 63 per cent of countries reported disruptions in antenatal checkups and 59 per cent in post-natal care.
A recent WHO survey based on responses from 105 countries revealed that 52 per cent of countries reported disruptions in health services for sick children and 51 per cent in services for management of malnutrition.
Health interventions such as these are critical for stopping preventable newborn and child deaths. For example, women who receive care by professional midwives trained according  to internationals standards are 16 per cent less likely to lose their baby and 24 per cent less likely to experience pre-term birth, according to WHO.
https://www.who.int/news-room/detail/09-09-2020-covid-19-could-reverse-decades-of-progress-toward-eliminating-preventable-child-deaths-agencies-warn

-----------------------------------

Risk Communication
 
How to report misinformation online
You can help to stop the spread of misinformation. If you see content that you believe to be false or misleading, report it to the hosting social media platform. Let's beat COVID-19 together!
https://www.who.int/campaigns/connecting-the-world-to-combat-coronavirus/how-to-report-misinformation-online
 
Updated WHO Myth buster
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/advice-for-public/myth-busters
 
UNESCO mythbusting
https://en.unesco.org/sites/default/files/disinfodemic_deciphering_covid19_disinformation.pdf
 
EPI-WIN: tailored information for individuals, organizations and communities
https://www.who.int/teams/risk-communication
=========================
WHO Technical guidance
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/technical-guidance
 
=====================
The CDC published new guidance on COVID-19
https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/whats-new-all.html
========================
Resources

Sex, gender and COVID-19: overview and resources
https://globalhealth5050.org/covid19

Lancet Coronavirus Resource Centre
This resource brings together new 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) content from across The Lancetjournals as it is published. All content listed on this page is free to access.

https://www.thelancet.com/coronavirus

Elsevier’s free health and medical research on novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)
https://www.elsevier.com/connect/coronavirus-information-center
CIDRAP COVID-19 Resource Center
CIDRAP has created a one-stop comprehensive compilation of the most current, authorititive information available on the novel coronavirus.
Visit the Resource Center often, as the outbreak is constantly evolving

COVID-19 SARS-CoV-2 preprints from medRxiv and bioRxiv
https://connect.medrxiv.org/relate/content/181
==============

Training Courses:
WHO training
https://openwho.org/courses
 
PAHO sources and materials on COVID19
https://www.campusvirtualsp.org/en/covid-19

ECDC COVID-19 Micro learning 
https://eva.ecdc.europa.eu/mod/forum/discuss.php
============================

Research and Development
Global research on coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
Database of publications on coronavirus disease (COVID-19)
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/global-research-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov
 
“Solidarity” clinical trial for COVID-19 treatments
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/global-research-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov/solidarity-clinical-trial-for-covid-19-treatments
 
“Solidarity II” global serologic study for COVID-19
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/global-research-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov/solidarity-2-global-serologic-study-for-covid-19
 
Accelerating a safe and effective COVID-19 vaccine
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/global-research-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov/accelerating-a-safe-and-effective-covid-19-vaccine
 
COVID-19 technology access pool
https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/global-research-on-novel-coronavirus-2019-ncov/covid-19-technology-access-pool
=============================
 
Help Fight Coronavirus- Donate Now
Everyone can now support directly the response coordinated by WHO. People and organizations who want to help fight the pandemic and support WHO and partners can now donate through the COVID-Solidarity Response Fund for WHO at www.COVID19ResponseFund.org.
 
 
 
 

 

 

Knowledge Sharing

Thank you for reading. If you have thoughts, feedback, story ideas, or questions you would like to share or interested in partnering with us on a special event coverage, please send a note to Chadia Wannous via emailcwannous@yahoo.com  

 

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